Just downloaded and installed Evernote on a new Win 7 computer. After the installer completes, and I try to start the app, I get the attached error. Yet I am online ! I posted this successfully from Firefox, then tried again -- same error.
After a bit of googling, i've literally found dozens of people over several years who have encountered this same problem on many editions of Windows.
My idea: fix this bug once and for all. Don't require magic incantations in IE, or fiddling with Win Control Panel SSL settings, as a work around. Fix the bug, straight up. I install many Win apps on many editions of Windows that that don't have this issue, eg SplashID, Todoist, Dropbox, Box, to name just a few. They access cloud servers/web services right out of the box without this error or any fiddling in IE, Control Panel, or other black magic.
Thanks for listening, Peter Spung, @paspung