It seems to me that Evernote developers know about this critical error for a long time and... don't give a ****.
I believe we have only three options for now:
use AutoHotKey as described in my post below,
downgrade to the legacy (or pre-legacy) version (see below),
use web client (https://www.evernote.com/client/web).
These are direct links to download Evernote binaries before this total clusterfuck:
1) So called "legacy version" (latest available pre-version-10 release, Evernote with gray icon):
Win (6.25.2): https://cdn1.evernote.com/win6/public/Evernote_126.96.36.19998.exe
2) Latest pre-legacy release (Evernote with normal green icon):
Win (6.25.1): http://cdn1.evernote.com/win6/public/Evernote_188.8.131.5291.exe